The Bolgar Historical and Archaeological Complex is a unique evidence of the strong early medieval states of Volga Bulgaria and the Golden Horde existence. The civilization vanished jointly with this states in the 16th century but determined the features of religion, culture, customs and traditions for the inhabitants of this region and gave birth to the modern Tatar ethnos, which is Russia’s second largest one, and to other nations of the Volga-Urals region. At present, the Bolgar Historical and Archaeological Complex is the only real trace proving the existence of Volga Bolgaria and the Golden Horde in its flowering.
The spatial layout of the complex is a great example of advanced urbanism in Eurasia, which is one of the major signs of civilization. Other civilizational features include coin-minting, coin circulation and the development of the monetary-weight system. In the 10th century and in 1240-1330, silver and copper coins were minted in Bolgar. The development of international, interregional and inland trade, cultural cooperation and cultural symbiosis of settled and nomadic nations are well seen through archaeological discoveries dating back to the 10th-15th centuries.
- In 1998, the Russian Federation submitted the nomination of the Bolgar Historical and Archaeological Complex, along with Sviyazhsk and the Kazan Kremlin, for inscription on the World Heritage List; the nomination was recommended by ICOMOS under criterion III.
- Bolgar Historical and Archaeological Complex includes: Cathedral Mosque, The Larger Minaret, The Eastern Mausoleum, The Northern Mausoleum, The Assumption Church, Khans Palace, Khans Shrine, The Smaller Minaret, The Black Chamber, The White Chamber, The Eastern Chamber, Captains Well, The White Mosque.
- June 14, 2015, during the annual traditional holiday “Izge Bolgar zhyeny”, dedicated to the anniversary of the adoption of Islam by the Volga Bulgars in 922, the Central Muslim Spiritual Board of Russia together with the Muslim Religious Board of the Republic of Tatarstan voiced an idea of creating the first Islamic Academy.
- This appeal was supported by the President of Russia Vladimir Putin. In his speech the President expressed his approval of the proposed initiative. He said that the new institution will help revive the ancient spiritual and scientific center of Muslims. The Bulgarian Islamic Academy will become a religious and spiritual educational center. The world famous scientists will be attracted in the university, the academy plans to produce religious personnel for Russia and CIS countries. The largest Muslim library and information center will be also located here.